Ijen Vulcano – Indonesia
The Ijen volcano complex is a group of composite volcanoes in the Banyuwangi Regency of East Java, Indonesia.
It is inside a larger caldera Ijen, which is about 20 kilometres wide. The Gunung Merapi stratovolcano is the highest point of that complex. The name “Gunung Merapi” means “mountain of fire” in the Indonesian language (api being “fire”); Mount Merapi in central Java and Marapi in Sumatra have the same etymology.
West of Gunung Merapi is the Ijen volcano, which has a one-kilometre-wide turquoise-coloured acidic crater lake. The lake is the site of a labour-intensive sulfur mining operation, in which sulfur-laden baskets are carried by hand from the crater floor.
Many other post-caldera cones and craters are located within the caldera or along its rim. The largest concentration of post-caldera cones run east-west across the southern side of the caldera. The active crater at Kawah Ijen has a diameter of 722 metres (2,369 ft) and a surface area of 0.41 square kilometres (0.16 sq mi). It is 200 metres (660 ft) deep and has a volume of 36 cubic hectometres (29,000 acre·ft).
The lake is recognised as the largest highly acidic crater lake in the world. It is also a source for the river Banyupahit, resulting in highly acidic and metal-enriched river water which has a significant detrimental effect on the downstream river ecosystem. On July 14-15, 2008, explorer George Kourounis took a small rubber boat out onto the acid lake to measure its acidity. The pH of the water in the lake’s edges was measured to be 0.5 and in the middle of the lake 0.13 due to high sulfuric acid concentration.
【08.00 – 12.00】从库塔酒店出发
【12.00 – 13.00】午餐
【13.00 – 16.00】运输到Ketapang Banyuwangi
【16.00 – 18.00】入住酒店、自由活动
【18.00 – 19.00】晚餐
【19.00 – end】休息
【01.30 – 02.00】准备
【02.00 – 04.00】运输到伊真火山
【04.00 – 05.00】享受蓝火山的全景
【05.00 – 07.00】回到酒店
【07.00 – 08.00】早餐
【08.00 – 16.00】运输到巴厘岛库塔酒店（含：午餐）
This Cost Calculation include 费用含了 ：
- Transportation Fee交通出租费
- Guide fee and Driver Fee导游和司机费
- Tax 1%, Processing fee 3%, Misc. Fee税1%，加工费3%，杂项开支
- Tickets for all destination景点门票
This Cost Calculation exclude 费用不含 :
- Guide tips : per day ( 1-5pax : 10USD / pax, min.6 pax : 5USD / pax ) 导游小费：（1 – 5 位 10美金/天/人）（6位或以上5美金/天/人）
- Another calculation exclude this itinerary 其他景点门票（不含在行程里的景点）
- Another extra meals or drinks餐厅买其他的餐饮
- Customer must do payment maximal 7 days before arrival 客人应该付款最后7天前到达时间
- Customers who want to cancel or rearrange schedule in 7 days before arrival cannot get refund money 客人取消或者变动行程7天前就没有赔钱
- Get the Tour guide phone number maximal 3 days before arrival 导游电话号码最快3天前才给客户